Health Service Categories and Careers


Immunology has been expanded to Allergy, Clinical and Laboratory Immunology (ACLI). It is a branch of the medical and biological sciences which focuses on the immune system and its role in both health and disease. It looks at immune system function, including innate and acquired immunity, vaccine immunity, and immunopathology. It seeks to diagnose and treat (or manage) health conditions which involve the immune system. These include allergic disorders, immune deficiency disorders, and autoimmune diseases. Care of patients with these conditions might involve other specialists – such as Rheumatologists or Infectious Disease Physicians - or might involve treatment of an acute condition which then requires further investigation or management of an immunological disorder, which can be lifelong. There is a growing demand for specialists, teaching, and research in this field. This field involves clinical practice, laboratory work, and consultation with medical specialists and primary care providers. Services include specialist allergy care services, clinical immunology services, and immunopathology laboratory services.

Immunology Jobs

ACLI Physicians work with patients who are suffering from autoimmune diseases, such as Coeliac and Hashimoto’s disease, immune deficiencies, such as primary immunodeficiency (PID) disorders, or allergic reactions, such as hives, rashes, wheezing, anaphylaxis, and hay fever. They review their patient's medical history, determine what tests are required and what treatments can help alleviate any discomfort. They interpret test results, form diagnosis, and help to prevent further allergic reactions or improve their patient's immunity and well-being by creating management and treatment plans and by educating their patients about their condition. They play an important role in advising and consulting with other medical specialists in the hospital, primary care physicians, and public health and government agencies. To pursue a career in this field, Doctors undertake foundation and core training, followed by training in Clinical and Laboratory Immunology and Allergy, a 5-year program that leads to a CCT, FRCPath, and entry onto the GMC specialty register. These specialists work in community and private practices, hospitals, research institutions, and/or diagnostic pathology laboratories.