Paediatric and perinatal pathology is from a group of specialties within Cellular Pathology , which study organs, tissues and cells in the laboratory, from macroscopic and microscopic perspectives, helping to identify and diagnose disease, monitor health or response to treatment, determine a cause of death, or inform patient care. These fields use advancing techniques in digital pathology and molecular diagnostics, and develop generic skills in surgical pathology, basic autopsy, cytopathology and molecular pathology. Paediatric and Perinatal Pathology focusses on investigating diseases in the foetus, infant and child. This includes rare congenital conditions, cancers, de-novo genetic and inherited disorders, acquired conditions, sudden infant death, miscarriage or still birth. This field is essential to paediatric surgery, paediatric medicine and obstetric medicine. It involves the examination of the child, neonate, placenta and products of conception. It informs diagnosis and prognosis and supports safe and effective patient care. It also involves autopsy practice and forensic and medico-legal work.